How to install MySQL on Ubuntu

MySQL is a fast, multi-threaded, multi-user, and robust SQL database server. It is intended for mission-critical, heavy-load production systems as well as for embedding into mass-deployed software.

Installing MySQL

To install MySQL, run the following command from a terminal prompt:

sudo apt-get install mysql-server

During the installation process you will be prompted to enter a password for the MySQL root user.

Once the installation is complete, the MySQL server should be started automatically. You can run the following command from a terminal prompt to check whether the MySQL server is running:

sudo netstat -tap | grep mysql

When you run this command, you should see the following line or something similar:

tcp        0      0 localhost:mysql    *:*        LISTEN      2556/mysqld

If the server is not running correctly, you can type the following command to start it:

sudo service mysql restart

Configuring MySQL

You can edit the /etc/mysql/my.cnf file to configure the basic settings -- log file, port number, etc. For example, to configure MySQL to listen for connections from network hosts, change the bind-address directive to the server's IP address:

bind-address            =

After making a change to /etc/mysql/my.cnf the mysql daemon will need to be restarted:

sudo service mysql restart

If you would like to change the MySQL root password, in a terminal enter:

sudo dpkg-reconfigure mysql-server-5.1

The mysql daemon will be stopped, and you will be prompted to enter a new password.


Source: Ubuntu Documentation Team

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